This perception of the similarity of science and hard [science fiction] is manifest in [Gregory Benford's] definition of hard [science fiction] in that essay:My minimum definition of hard [science fiction] demands that it highly prize fidelity to the physical facts of the universe, while constructing a new objective "reality" within a fictional matrix. It is not enough to merely use science as integral to the narrative ... [Science fiction] must use science in a speculative fashion. The physical sciences are the most capable of detailed prediction (and thus falsification by experiment), so they are perceived in fiction as more reliable indicators of future possibilities, or stable grounds for orderly speculation.
--Kathryn Cramer, "On Science and Science Fiction"
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